A right is a benefit an individual Is entitled to under the Constitution of Ghana. freedoms are the benefits the individual enjoys under the constitution without hindrance every Ghanaian the rights and freedom under the 1992 Constitution. These rights and freedoms include the following:
1. The right to life:
Life is precious and must, therefore, be protected at all costs No individual has the right to kill or take the life of another person except for an offense that Is proven by a@ court of competent jurisdiction. Therefore, any individual who attempts to kill himself or commit suicide and is arrested is charged with attempted murder. However, when one kills another person in self-defense or in course of protecting his or her property, he or she has not committed any offense under the laws of Ghana
2. The right to personal liberty:
No person shall be beaten (assaulted), arrested or imprisoned, data need, or subjected to any inhuman treatment except by (the due process of law. This right protects the individual from unlawful arrest, detention, torture, searches and surveillance, and other forms of restrictions or abuse. However, in times of national crises such as civil war, conflict, natural disasters, and outbreaks of infectious diseases, these rights may be curtailed or violated. For example, a curfew may be imposed or people may be detained, confined, or restricted. This means that the right to personal liberty is not fixed. Our freedom of movement and assembly can be curtailed during national emergencies.
3. The right to dignity:
“Good name is better than riches.” This statement implies that the hard-earned dignity or reputation of an individual cannot be violated without a just cause. An individual's hard-earned name, dignity, and reputation must be protected at all times. Therefore, when an individual publishes or says any damaging things about another person, or is subjected to any dehumanizing treatment such as indecent body searches or deliberately causing bodily harm, to another person, all these are treated as unlawful; hence, punishable by law. For example, flogging or canning in public, the use of brute force, forced labor and all forms of torture are clear violations (breaking) of the right to dignity. in addition, no one shall be held in slavery or servitude, forced labor under the right to dignity.
4. The right to private property:
Every individual has the right to enjoy his wealth or property.
The owner of a house or car has the exclusive right to use it, sell it, dispose of it or donate it to charity. No person shall be subjected to any interference with personal property, communication, or correspondence, except following the jaw. However, under public safety, health reasons, morality, came prevention, or the Protection of the right and freedom of others, this right may be restricted or curtailed by the state Following the law. For example, an individual's property taken by the state for public purposes attracts the necessary compensation.