Lydia 5 months ago

Sustainable Democratic Governance

Democratic governance is a system of governance in which a workable constitution is The following are the ways of sustaining our democratic governance


1. Protecting and allowing the 1992 Constitution to work:

The 1992 Constitution is the basic law of the land. It gives the powers, functions, and limitations of the three arms of government and other constitutional bodies. It

is a living document that must stand the test of time in the life of the nation. As and

when necessary, portions not in tune with the reality of the time can be amended

or repealed. It should not be subjected to manipulations by an individual or group

of people in government or society. Ghanaians must resolve to protect 1992

Constitution as our civic right and responsibility.


2. There should be the Rule of Law:

In democratic governance, there should exist supremacy of the constitution,

equality before the laws of the land, and respect for the fundamental human rights

of every individual. Laws of the land must be applicable to every person

irrespective of ethnicity, religious and political persuasion, educational level or

social status. No individual is below or above the laws of Ghana. Every individual

is responsible for his or her actions under the rule of law or democratic

governance.


3. By practicing a multi-party system:

In a democratic system, people are free to belong to any political party of their

choice. Citizens are at liberty to form, join, and support any political party of their

choice. There should be a multi-party our two-party system of government. Citizens

are at liberty to belong to any political party of their choice. All parties must be

organized as a national party with membership across the entire country. 1992

The Constitution of Ghana guarantees a multi-party system of government. This

enhances electoral completion, unity, cohesion, stability, growth, and development.


4. There should be an independent electoral body:

Democracy requires that the body responsible for conducting elections must be

independent and free from any form of external control. The Electoral Commission

of Ghana should not be controlled by the party in power, authority, or any group

of persons in the exercise of her constitutional mandate of ensuring that all the

processes involved in the electoral process are fair to all parties. This is to ensure

that they supervise elections fairly and in an unbiased manner. Their sources of

funds must not be determined by the party in government or any autonomous

body. Their funds must come directly from the Consolidated Fund to ensure that

they are not financially handicapped to perform their constitutional functions or

duties.


5. There should be periodic free and fair elections:

Democracy entails that there are periodic elections, where all registered political

parties are allowed to participate. The electoral body (Electoral Commission) must

ensure that no single party has an undue advantage over the rest. It must demarcate

the country into electoral districts or constituencies, open nominations, and print

the essential materials (i.e. ballot papers) for the conduct of all national elections.

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